New technologies are leading the charge to increase public awareness of EVs

Ram Rajappa, Chief Technology Officer, Greaves Electric Mobility

India’s road to decarbonisation is steered by electric vehicle adoption, the rise of which has been nothing short of meteoric. Many factors have contributed to the phenomenon, including a growing appetite for sustainable mobility options.  With highly competitive TCOs, adoption by B2B delivery segments, and a steady stream of product innovations, electric 2-wheelers are at the forefront of this movement.  It is essential for us to see the critical technology trends that will drive the next generation of EVs.

India is among the fastest-growing automotive telematics market in the world. Effective telematics and embedded software will spur product innovation at a faster clip.  It will enable OEMs to analyse vehicle maintenance, health, performance quotient, speeding ability, and driving patterns and evolve products to suit emerging customer needs.

With 5G technology becoming more mainstream, telematics and realtime data analytics will become more seamless making vehicle prognostics and preventive maintenance a norm.In an electric vehicle, the battery management system plays a fundamental role in monitoring the battery pack's charge and discharge cycles and ensuring the user's safety and performance.  With new battery chemistries and energy densities coming into play, innovations in BMS will work in tandem to make vehicles safer and more affordable.  A state-of-the-art BMS with advanced algorithms will pave the way for optimum efficiency, reduce weight, improve driving range, and eliminate user safety anxiety.

Another critical area of interest that will emerge is innovations in battery cell manufacturing. Industries are working together to develop low-cost battery prototypes such as lithium sulphur, solid-state batteries, lithium-air, and so on to make EVs more commercially viable.  Added emphasis on localising lithium-ion batteries will also make India more self-reliant in EV manufacturing.

Lastly, the uptake of EVs hinges heavily on a robust charging technology. Some of the upcoming innovations will occur in the fields of wireless, hyper charging, and application-based charging, addressing the issue of range anxiety among users effectively.

Transformative technologies will be crucial in making sustainable vehicles more advanced, user-friendly, and performance driven as EVs reach a critical mass.